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CORA Town Green Improvement Project

Cornwall, VT

Cornwall is a town in Addison County, of the “Middlelbury-Vergennes” region, founded in November 1761. Cornwall is a rural community with a diverse population. The populace includes non-English speaking agricultural laborers on local farms and orchards, farmers, small business owners, professionals, retirees, and students in its vibrant elementary school. A significant percentage of our residents. Within this diverse population, many residents qualify for state/federal assistance for food, housing, and/or health care. Cornwall sought to create an accessible village center for all to socialize and participate in recreation and events without barriers to access such as ability, age, income, or gender/sexual preference.

Project Goals Statement: 

The goal of the CORA Town Green Improvement Project is to develop an outdoor recreation area to benefit all of the residents of Cornwall by promoting an active program of exercise for all age categories; creating a safe trail connecting the Cornwall Elementary School to the Cornwall Town Hall. The town sought to gather ideas for transforming and/or creating places and spaces for your community to gather and participate in activities including physical activity and social events

Partner Organization:
Cornwall Outdoor Recreation Area (CORA)

Equity Focus
Access to outdoor spaces and recreation

Special Populations of Focus
Rural, migrant farmworkers, people of Mexican and Jamaican descent

Health Assessment Outcome:

The Cornwall Community Health Equity Assessement collected input from community members on their top contributors to health, health issues, and health behaviors. The survey also assessed community member park usage and factors that would increase park usage.

Top 5 Most Important Factors for a Healthy

  • Community
  • Good schools
  • Affordable housing
  • Places and opportunities for community connection
  • Parks and recreation
  • Access to healthcare


Top 5 Most Important Health Problem in the Community

  • Mental health problems
  • Aging problems (e.g., arthritis, hearing/vision loss, etc.)
  • Lack of health insurance
  • Heart disease and stroke
  • Cancer


Top 5 Most Important Behaviors That Impact Overall Health

  • Lack of exercise
  • Being overweight
  • Unsafe driving (e.g., speeding, driving under the influence, reckless driving)
  • Substance abuse
  • Poor eating habits


Top 5 Amenities for Recreational Space

  • Hiking trail
  • Bike trail
  • Pickleball
  • Shelters and picnic area
  • Walking track


Technical Assistance Outcome:

The action items for the technical assistance pilot were the development of an inclusive, town-centralized recreation area with connected trails. Technical assistance and resources received during the Health Equity and Community Design Technical Pilot supported CORAs efforts to approach and receive encouragement from the selectboard to pursue Village Center Designation. Cornwall is now designated as a Village Center. The next steps for CORA as to apply for the Better Places Program and seek ARPA funding to support the development of their village green space based on renderings created by the technical assistance team.

Technical Assistance:

  • Language translation services
  • Green space renderings
  • Shared land use resources
  • Preparation for Regional Planning Commission meetings
  • Support for Village Center Designation application
  • Long-Term Project Sustainability


Census Population

  • 2021: 1,073
  • 2019: 1,027
  • 2013: 1,162

(Resource: 2020 Decennial Census)

Age and Sex

  • 50.3 – Median Age in Cornwall, Addison County, Vermont

Age Profile

  • 0-14: 15.7%
  • 15-64: 57.8%
  • 65+: 26.4%

(Resource: 2021 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates)

Population by Sex:

  • Male: 594 ,55.4%
  • Female: 479 ,44.6%

(Resource: 2021 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates)

1-Year Mobility (Residents that have moved within the previous year): 8%
5-Year Mobility (Residents that have moved within the previous 5 years):

(Resource: 2021 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates)